SOCIAL IMPACTS OF THE SECOND INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION


By the time of the Second Industrial Revolution the conflict between bourgeoisie and nobility for political rights and constitution ended. Former feudalists joined the bourgeoisie as landlords. Instead of former conflict between bourgeoisie and nobility as a consequence of the industrialization and better workingmen organization occurred the problem of regulating the relation between the middle and the working class.

Under pressure of socialist workers movements the employers began to accept the demands of workers what eventually led to formation of labour law and improvement of workers living and working conditions.

By the end of 19th century changed also circumstances on countryside. Awareness that poorness of numerous farmers hindered them from producing enough food numerous states acted to improve the condition of farmers. To help the farmers with financial problems were established loan and savings banks. Agrarian, viticultural, horticultural schools, numerous agrarian exhibitions and awards for the most qualitative products should help the agriculture to increase the production and raise the quality of their products. To help the farmers by use of mechanization, buying better seems, cheaper artificial fertilizer... were somewhere established agricultural cooperative. The introduction of mechanization in agriculture not only increase the productivity but also unburdened the farmer and gave him more free time which he could spent for other activities.

Widened use of spices, sugar, coffee, tea,... improved the nutrition and people became taller and stronger. The average age became higher for which was great importance besides improved nutrition also the progress of medicine which successfully prevented the outbreaks of epidemics and healed an increasing number of diseases.