INTRODUCTION TO THE SECOND INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION


After the middle of 19th century the industrialization progressed fast also in Continental Europe and Northern America.

The Second Industrial Revolution was fastened by:

- growing needs for various goods

- theoretically scientific work

- introduction of scientific achievements in industry

- state measures




The production needs fastened the scientific researches. New innovations improved technical equipment of factories and increased their competition. International liberalism and big competition forced the factory owners to modernize their factories constantly. For that reason industrialists began to cooperate with scientists and financially supported them. The industrialists soon established their own research laboratories or cooperated with certain universities. University education was adjust with needs of production and examined technology, tried to establish the best possible organization of work... The Second Industrial Revolution was also the period of tight cooperation science, technology and production.

Industrialization and economic progress was encouraged by the governments which helped to protect and develop the production especially because of it's military needs (demand for the new world division).

All mentioned causes had a big impact on faster economic progress and many new innovations, introduction of new energy sources (oil, electricity), different engines, faster development of trade, new shapes of transport,...