The Industrial Revolution

The Industrial Revolution is transition from manual to mechanized production and is sometimes divided on two periods.

- from 1750 to 1850 (the First Industrial Revolution which refers to industrialisation of Great Britain)

- from 1850 to 1900 (the Second Industrial Revolution which refers to industrialization of other states)


Technical and economic progress between 1750 and 1850 advanced much faster and brought larger social changes than any comparable great events in history by that period. Industrialisation or transformation of basic agrarian economy into industrial became crucial for economic progress and source for economic growth. The progress of industrialisation from 1750 to 1850 was mainly based on mechanization of textile industry and increased use of coal for steam power, while the industrial progress after 1850 mainly based on the scientific and technical innovations. The transport which became much faster and reliable also increased the demand for coal and iron. After 1850 steel production became the leading industry.