CAUSES FOR THE (FIRST) INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION


In 18th century science and technics advanced very fast and had great impact on connecting the world and in first place on introduction of mechanized production of various products. For the beginning of manufacturing was essential the accumulation of capital in hands of an individual and increased demand for various products. Latter was possible only with growth of population and growing prosperity of farming classes. The agricultural revolution introduced improved agricultural techniques which led to increased agricultural production and lower price of food. Important impact on growth of population in 18th century had also better health care, decease of mortality and declining age at marriage. The growth of population in 18th century was important cause for the Industrial Revolution both for the growing demand for various products (in first place clothing and household goods) and for increased migration from rural into urban areas what provided much of the needed labour force in manufacturing.

Increased demand for various products forced the industrialists to increase their efficiency and invest capital into development of new technics to improve and increase their productivity. The most significant event in technological progress was the introduction of Watt steam engine which enabled the progress of industry also in places where water power was not available. Before the invention of steam engine water power was necessary to run the machines. For successful use of steam power were necessary coal and iron and possession of those two raw materials was crucial for the industrialization. Beside possessing coal and iron essential for the Industrial Revolution was also fast and cheap transport.